Accusative case

 

The accusative case mainly indicates a direct object, at which action is initiated.

In the accusative case all masculine nouns can be split into two huge groups: living - beings — animate.

Animate maculine nouns will have endings the same as genitive case

 

The second group includes (or comprises) inanimate things. In the accusative case singular inanimate masculine nouns will never change their form(…)

 

 Masculine

Inanimate

 

Это большой дом, а это белый цвет  [Yeto bol'shoy, a yeto belyj cvet] — It is big house, and it is a white color

Том видит большой дом     [Tom vidit bol'shoy dom] — Tom sees big house

Анна любит белый цвет      [Anna loves white color] — Anna loves white color

 

Animate

Это мой старый хороший друг           [Yeto moj staryj khoroshiy droog]               — He is my best friend

Вижу моего старого хорошего друга [Vidjoo moyevo starogo khoroshevo drooga] — I see my best friend

 

Neutral nouns in accusative case has no changes

Есть большое красивое окно  [Yest' bol'shoye krasivoye okno]   — There is a big beautiful window

Вижу большое красивое окно [Vidjoo bol'shoye krasivoye okno] — I see big beautiful window

Feminine nouns in the accusative case must have the  ending «У» or «Ю»

 

Том любит свою сестру                   [Tom loobit svoyoo  sistroo]               — Tom loves his sister

Мария любит Россию и её историю [Maria loobit  Russiyoo i eyo istoriyoo] — Mariya loves Russia and her history

 

Adjectives always  have the same case as their nouns, it  means that their endings will be relevant:

Том любит свою старшую сестру [Tom loobit svoyoo starooyu sistroo] — Tom loves his older sister

Иван видит большой красивый дом и своего старого друга [Ivan videt bol'shoy krasivyj dom i svoyevo starovo drooga]

=Ivan saw big and beautiful building and his old friend

 

Plural form in accusative case also depended on  type of noun group: is it animate or inanimate. Inanimate object on plural are equal with nominative plural.

 

Animate plural in accusative case is the same as in genitive case

Verbs with which we usually use accusative case:

 

идти [e:dte]          = to go (one way)                — ходить [khad'eat'] = to go (in two directions)

ехать [jekhat']      = to go by wheels (one way) — ездить [jezdeat']   = to go by wheels (there and back)

бежать [byedjat'] = to run (to somewhere)        — бегать [begat']      = to run (anywhere)

летать [letat']      = to fly (anywhere)               — лететь [letet']         = to fly (to somewhere)

любить (кого/что) [l'oobit'] — love

видеть (кого/что) [vidyet'] — to see

смотреть (куда; кого/что) [smotret'] — to watch

знать (что?) [znat'] — to know

понимать (кого/что) [ponimat'] — understand

спрашивать (кого/что) [sprashivat']— to ask

 

Prepositions for accusative case: в = (V); на = (NA); через = (cherez)

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